a dental check up

What Everyone Should Know About Dental Pulp Diseases

Poor oral health habits are the number one cause of tooth pain, tooth decay, and various oral heal diseases. Failing to maintain proper oral hygiene, such as regularly brushing your teeth and flossing, could result in the development of cavities.

If not addressed as early as possible, cavities could easily infect your tooth’s pulp, which protects delicate nerves and sensitive blood vessels. If you fail to manage your infected pulp, there’s a high chance that you’d lose your affected teeth.

Common Warning Signs of Pulp Diseases

According to prominent endodontists in Colorado, warning signs might differ in intensity depending on the specific pulp disease you have and could include the following:

  • Pain in the affected tooth when eating something cold, hot, or sweet
  • Intense and sudden pain in your mouth
  • Infection

The Different Pulp Diseases

There are various kinds of pulp disease, which include:

  • Dental Pulp Calcification – Also called dental pulp stones, it is marked by the calcification or hardening of pulp tissues and could lead to immense pain and hypersensitivity due to compression of the nerves.
  • Exposed Dental Pulp – This occurs when the tooth’s external covering is damaged due to a crack or cavity and exposes the pulp to irritants and bacteria. Left unaddressed, it could develop into a serious abscess, characterized by pus and bacteria.
  • Reversible Pulpitis – Also called mild pulp inflammation, warning signs usually include pain when drinking or eating something cold, hot, or sweet. Left untreated, it could lead to a dental abscess.
  • Irreversible Pulpitis – Also called severe pulp inflammation, this is characterized by intense and sudden pain. If not treated, it could lead to widespread infection of the connective tissues and gums.

Root Canal Treatment for Pulp Diseases

If the damaged pulp stays too long in the affected tooth, it could progress into a serious infection to the surrounding tissues, which might also include the jawbone.

The most effective treatment for this is root canal therapy. This procedure might save you from getting your infected tooth taken out. In general, here’s what you could expect when you undergo a root canal procedure:

a dentist working

  • During your first visit, your endodontist would remove the diseased pulp then clean and widen the root canal or empty space. Your endodontist might also apply medication to disinfect the root canal. Depending on specific circumstances, your endodontist might leave your root canal open, so that it could drain for a couple of days, or place a temporary filling to protect it. You would also be prescribed oral antibiotics for treating any infection that might have affected the tissues around the root canal.
  • On your next visit, your endodontist would remove the temporary filling, if applicable, and replace it with a permanent filling.
  • During your final visit, your endodontist would place a crown over the tooth to make it more durable.

No one wants to lose a tooth, so make sure to brush and floss your teeth regularly and visit your dentist for routine checkups. If you feel the warning signs of pulp diseases, consult an endodontist as soon as possible to prevent further damage.