Stroke is the most common neurologic condition in Australia. Statistics show that approximately 500,000 Australians have suffered from at least a single stroke episode in their life. This number has been steadily rising over the past few years due to changes in diet and lifestyle. Due to the alarming increase in reported stroke cases, first aid management is emphasised in the healthcare field to reduce mortality.
What is Stroke?
Stroke is a disorder that is characterised by occlusion or bleeding in the brain that impairs blood supply to the nervous system. Since the brain cannot properly function if deprived of oxygen for a few minutes, brain cells gradually die. This leads to the presence of neurological deficits or sudden loss of consciousness.
What is the First Step in Stroke Management?
Early recognition of an ongoing brain attack is the initial step in first aid treatment of stroke, Australiawidefirstaid.com.au explains. Common clinical manifestations of stroke patients include slurred speech, sudden weakness or numbness of one side of the body, trouble seeing, balance problems, and difficulty in walking. Your index of suspicion is also higher among elderly patients with hypertension, diabetes, chronic smoking history, and previous history of stroke.
What to Do Once Stroke Case is Confirmed?
Once you confirm that the victim is suffering from stroke, you must seek medical assistance right away. You must know the nearest hospitals with brain attack centres to effectively manage the stroke case. Knowing the time when symptoms first appeared is also crucial to determine the most appropriate management in this type of stroke. Other first aid treatment techniques include making sure that the victim is in the proper position for better air entry and oxygen perfusion, and reduced heat loss.
Early resuscitative efforts are important to ensure maximal brain function is restored even after a stroke. Sufficient first aid training plays a vital role in preserving the condition of your brain tissue.