Conditions affecting an individual’s psychological well-being are currently among the leading worldwide. These not only negatively impact a patient’s overall health but also his/her social interactions. There are different approaches used for psychotherapy.
The most common approaches are linked to cognitive, behavioural, humanistic and psychoanalysis theories. Although very effective, psychoanalysis is the most misunderstood method of psychotherapy.
This form of therapy was founded by Sigmund Freud and is among the most commonly used by a psychologist in Bellfield. It is based on the notion that people have a conscious and unconscious mind.
The latter is the reservoir of a person’s thoughts, memories, and desires, which influence psychological aspects. In psychoanalysis, the psychologist will aim to understand the contribution of your memories and wishes to your current behaviour and then tailor a solution for your undesirable actions.
Here are the techniques, the psychologist will use to uncover your memories and thoughts.
The Inkblot Method
An inkblot or its variation is in itself ambiguous. What a person reads into the blot is the important thing. Based on your past experiences and unconscious desires, you will interpret the inkblot differently from other people.
This is hence a projective test since you will project the thoughts in your unconscious mind to deduce the ink blot. Through your interpretation, the psychologist can analyse your unconscious thoughts and desires.
The Freudian Slip Technique
Unconscious feelings and thoughts are at times transferred to your conscious mind as slips of the tongue — at times called parapraxes or Freudian slips. This means you will reveal something you did not intend to.
A typical example is referring to a new partner by your ex’s name whom you might have liked better. Psychologists believe a slip of the tongue is no accident. Instead, it offers significant insight into your unconscious mind and memory.
Here a therapist will give you a list of words and you are allowed to talk about whatever comes to your mind from a specific word. This action aims to retrieve your repressed memories and thoughts.
The free association might not prove useful in clients who are reluctant to talk openly. As such, the technique is used in the later stages of psychoanalysis.
Dreams, as Freud stated, are a royal highway to the unconscious. The mind acts like an editor, but it becomes less vigilant when you are asleep.
Repressed ideas will hence come to the surface in dreams, although they might be altered to some extent. Your psychologist might thus need you to keep a sleep journal to record your dreams, which both of you will interpret during your sessions.
The above techniques are in most instances used concurrently. If you are undergoing psychoanalysis, you will meet the psychologist at least once weekly since the treatment is somewhat intense. Although psychoanalysis is one of the most personal methods of psychotherapy, you can rest assured that doctor-patient confidentiality will be maintained.
Based on research, this method of psychotherapy has been proven to be the safest for sharing your feelings since the therapist remains non-judgmental and is empathetic. Moreover, it offers you a method of self-examination and understanding which allows you to grow emotionally.