Personal ResponsibilityMore than half of the people in the world will have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) at one point in their life. In the United States, STDs are one of the most common infectious diseases today. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that there are 19.7 million new STD cases in the U.S. yearly.

The Laboratory Solution recommends getting yourself tested at a clinical diagnostic facility before it’s too late. Also, be aware of the cause of the disease and know how to prevent it.

Causes and Common Types of STDs

STDs contain all kinds of infections. They are usually caused by germs that hide in blood, vaginal secretions, saliva, or semen. Some organisms spread through anal, oral, or vaginal sex. Some people get it from sharing personal items with someone who has it.

STDs come in different forms, and the most common among them is chlamydia. It’s a type of bacterial infection that causes unusual vaginal discharge and a burning sensation when urinating. It can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in women that may cause infertility or ectopic pregnancy.

Genital herpes is an incurable viral infection. Symptoms usually appear as blisters around the rectum or genitals. The symptoms heal but recur after a while, since the virus remains in the body for life. Women can transfer the virus to her baby during delivery. When the newborn has herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, it can cause death or mental retardation.

Other STDs include gonorrhea, syphilis, genital warts, pubic lice (crabs), trichomoniasis, cytomegalovirus, bacterial vaginosis, and HIV.

Preventing STDs

STDs are transmitted sexually. The best way to prevent it is to avoid sexual contact. If you are sexually active, make sure you have a mutually monogamous relationship and your partner is uninfected. Use condoms correctly and consistently to reduce the risk of STD. The more partners you have, the more chance you have of acquiring it.

You shouldn’t take STDs for granted. Most of the diseases are incurable, and some are even deadly. When in doubt of a partner, don’t do it, or have them tested. Live a life of security instead of regrets.